Eu Fishing Agreement

Dec 8, 2020 by     No Comments    Posted under: Uncategorized

These regional factors may complicate the possibility of a compromise. At the same time, EU countries that do not have access to fisheries should agree on the importance of the issue. “It`s not just a word, it has practical consequences. This includes controlling our borders; Opting for a robust and principled subsidy control system; and control of our fishing waters. EU fishing fleets total about 6 million tonnes of fish per year,[6] of which about 700,000 tonnes come from British waters. [7] In 2014, the UK accounted for 752,000 tonnes of total EU catches, the second largest total of EU catches. [8] This proportion is determined by the 1964 London Convention on Fisheries and the EU`s Common Fisheries Policy. The Common Fisheries Policy was created to manage fish stocks for the Whole of the European Union. Article 38 of the 1957 Treaty of Rome, which founded the European Communities (now the European Union), stipulated that the common market extended to agriculture and trade in agricultural products. agricultural products in the treaty, i.e. soil, livestock and fishing products, as well as primary processing products directly related to these products.

He did not mention fishing or common fishing areas otherwise. Some commentators have described the common fisheries policy as catastrophic consequences for the environment. [12] [13] This view contrasts with historical evidence that fish stocks have declined chronically over the past century as a result of intensive trawling. [14] According to scientific studies published in 2010, the depletion of fish stocks is a consequence of mismanagement long before the Common Fisheries Policy came into force, as illustrated by the fact that UK fishing quotas have fallen by 94% over the past 118 years. [15] Nevertheless, the Common Fisheries Policy has continued the trend towards ineffective fisheries management in European waters. Indeed, the common fisheries policy has done little or nothing to reverse the decline in European fish stocks. [16] This is one of the reasons why, according to the United Kingdom`s argument, market access has nothing to do with access to fishing waters. The offer of a transitional period comes from the fact that the United Kingdom has signed its first independent fishing agreement in 40 years. The deal with Norway involves annual negotiations on the share of catches, which the EU refused during the Brexit trade negotiations.

But because of the importance and richness of the UK`s waters, the EU is under enormous pressure from its fishing communities to maintain the status quo. The application of the legislation is the responsibility of the Member States, but there is a Community inspection service which ensures that Member States enforce the rules in their own countries. Member States are also required to ensure that their vessels comply with EU agreements when operating outside the EU. The regulations also aim to harmonize penalties for offences committed in different countries. The United Kingdom remains committed to replacing the common fisheries policy with a “zonal link” system that would allow a significant increase in catches for British fishing fleets. One of the outstanding issues remains the level of access granted to EU fishing fleets in British waters after 1 January 2021, after the end of the transition period. The PCP sets quotas to determine the amount of each species that can be caught each year or twice a year in a defined statistical area of the ICES or in groups of zones. Each country receives a quota based on total available catches (total allowable catches, TACs) and its traditional share (percentage). The TACs are set annually by the Council of Ministers.

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